How do you classify acetabular fractures?

How do you classify acetabular fractures?

There are five types:

  1. anterior wall fracture. segmental fracture of the middle third of the anterior column, detaching a trapezoidal fragment that contains the anterior acetabular wall from the rest of the innominate bone.
  2. anterior column fracture.
  3. transverse fracture.
  4. posterior column fracture.
  5. posterior wall fracture.

What is the concept of Letournel which is used in classification of acetabular fractures?

Letournel’s acetabular fracture classification system divides injuries into 10 patterns, five elementary and five associated, based on surgical findings and plain radiograph characteristics. It also provides the fundamental description of the two columns of the acetabulum.

What is Stoppa approach?

The modified Stoppa or AIP approach to the acetabulum provides anatomic exposure that can be used for direct access to the pelvic brim, posterior column of the acetabulum, and the quadrilateral surface. The improved visualization provided by this approach facilitates fracture reduction and stabilization.

Is acetabular fracture a hip fracture?

An acetabular fracture is a break in your hip socket. Your hip is a “ball-and-socket” joint. Your acetabulum, which is part of your pelvis, forms the socket. Your femoral head, which is the upper end of your femur (thigh bone), forms the ball.

How does the Judet view the pelvis?

  1. patient is supine.
  2. the affected side is rotated roughly 45° anterior, generally aided by a 45° sponge.
  3. central beam directed vertically toward the affected hip.
  4. ensure the patient is central on the table and at no risk of over rolling.

How much is the body angled when performing Judet views?

Hip Acetabulum RPO or LPO – Judet Method Have patient suspend respiration for exposure. Position of part Align body, and center hip being examined to middle of IR. Raise affected side so that anterior surface of body forms a 45 degree angle from table.

What is an acetabulum fracture?

Overview. The hip joint is a ball and socket joint. The socket part is lined with smooth cartilage and is called the acetabulum, which is part of the pelvis. When the socket is fractured, it is called an acetabular fracture. Such fractures are far less common than fractures to the ball part of the joint.