What are the five indications of splenectomy?

Your doctor may recommend splenectomy if you have one of the following:

What are the five indications of splenectomy?

Your doctor may recommend splenectomy if you have one of the following:

  • Ruptured spleen. If your spleen ruptures due to a severe abdominal injury or because of an enlarged spleen (splenomegaly), the result may be life-threatening, internal bleeding.
  • Enlarged spleen.
  • Blood disorder.
  • Cancer.
  • Infection.
  • Cyst or tumor.

What is the most common indication for elective splenectomy?

Splenomegaly (see the image below) is observed in conditions such as idiopathic (immune) thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), and hereditary spherocytosis. Of these, ITP is the most common indication for elective splenectomy.

Why is splenectomy done in cyclic neutropenia?

In individuals with neutropenia and Felty syndrome who have recurrent life-threatening bacterial infections, splenectomy is the treatment of choice, though the response is often short lived. Systemic lupus associated with autoimmune agranulocytosis may also respond to splenectomy or to immunosuppressive therapy.

Why splenectomy is done in lymphoma?

Some people with lymphoma need to have an operation to remove the spleen. This is called a splenectomy. Without a spleen, it’s harder for your body to fight infections, so you need to take precautions to lower your risk of getting them.

What are the four main functions of the spleen?

Function

  • Stores blood.
  • Filters blood by removing cellular waste and getting rid of old or damaged blood cells.
  • Makes white blood cells and antibodies that help you fight infection.
  • Maintains the levels of fluid in your body.
  • Produces antibodies that protect you against infection.

What are the functions of spleen?

Your spleen’s main function is to act as a filter for your blood. It recognizes and removes old, malformed, or damaged red blood cells. When blood flows into your spleen, your spleen performs “quality control”; your red blood cells must pass through a maze of narrow passages.

What is elective splenectomy?

Summary. An elective splenectomy is usually recommended for certain problems with your blood and to remove the life-threatening risk of your spleen rupturing.

When is splenectomy indicated lymphoma?

One of the most common indications for splenectomy in non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is the palliation of symptoms, such as left upper quadrant pain, early satiety, weakness and fatigue, that accompany the marked splenomegaly often seen in this disease.

How is lymphoma of the spleen diagnosed?

It is usually diagnosed using a combination of: blood tests to check your blood cell counts and look for abnormal lymphocytes and antibodies in your blood. a bone marrow biopsy (a test that involves taking a sample of bone marrow, usually from your hip bone) to check for lymphoma cells in your bone marrow.

What is the most important role of the spleen?

What are the complications of splenectomy?

Splenectomy Complications

  • Blood clot in the vein that carries blood to the liver.
  • Hernia at the incision site.
  • Infection at the incision site.
  • Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
  • Lung collapse.
  • Injury to the pancreas, stomach, and colon.