What is anterior compartment syndrome caused by?

What is anterior compartment syndrome caused by?

Compartment syndrome occurs when the tissue pressure within a given compartment exceeds the perfusion pressure of the arterial supply, resulting in ischemia of the muscles and nerves of the compartment. The etiology is varied; however, most commonly it is related to acute trauma or overuse syndrome.

How is compartment syndrome defined?

Compartment syndrome is a painful and potentially serious condition caused by bleeding or swelling within an enclosed bundle of muscles – known as a muscle compartment.

What are signs of anterior compartment syndrome?

Symptoms include pain, muscle tightness, numbness, and visible muscle bulging. Resting will usually relive the symptoms, but the condition will return again later. Acute anterior compartment syndrome is a medical emergency. If left untreated, irreversible tissue damage can occur.

What muscles are affected by anterior compartment syndrome?

The anterior compartment syndrome of the lower leg (often referred to simply as anterior compartment syndrome), can affect any and all four muscles of that compartment: tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus, and peroneus tertius.

What are the 5 Ps of compartment syndrome?

Common Signs and Symptoms: The “5 P’s” are oftentimes associated with compartment syndrome: pain, pallor (pale skin tone), paresthesia (numbness feeling), pulselessness (faint pulse) and paralysis (weakness with movements). Numbness, tingling, or pain may be present in the entire lower leg and foot.

What are 3 ways to treat compartment syndrome?

Chronic (Exertional) Compartment Syndrome Physical therapy, orthotics (inserts for shoes), and anti-inflammatory medicines are sometimes suggested. They have had questionable results for relieving symptoms. Your symptoms may subside if you avoid the activity that caused the condition.