What is direct and indirect expenses?

What is direct and indirect expenses?

Direct Expenses: Direct expenses are those expenses that are paid only for the business part of your home. Indirect Expenses: Indirect Expenses are those expenses that are paid for keeping up and running your entire home. Examples of indirect expenses generally include insurance, utilities, and general home repairs.

How do you classify direct and indirect costs?

Direct costs are attributable to a specific product, department, goods, or service. On the other hand, indirect costs are attributable to multiple products or services. Direct costs are variable costs that change based on the quantity of a product or service. However indirect costs are fixed costs.

How is the U-shape of average variable cost explained by the law of variable proportions?

AVC is ‘U’ shaped because of the principle of variable Proportions, which explains the three phases of the curve: Increasing returns to the variable factors, which cause average costs to fall, followed by: Constant returns, followed by: Diminishing returns, which cause costs to rise.

Why is AFC called a hyperbola?

AFC is defined as the ratio of TFC to output. We know that TFC remains constant throughout all the output levels and as output increases, with TFC being constant, AFC decreases. Thus the shape of AFC curve is Rectangular hyperbola.

What is total fixed cost curve?

Total Fixed cost Curve is a straight line parallel to x-axis as it remains constant at all levels of output. The average fixed cost (AFC) curve looks like a Rectangular Hyperbola. It happens because same amount of fixed cost is divided by increasing output.

What is AVC at its minimum?

The minimum of AVC always occurs where AVC = MC.

Why AC and MC curve is U shaped?

Both AC and MC are derived from total cost (TC). AC refers to TC per unit of output and MC refers to addition to TC when one more unit of output is produced. Both AC and MC curves are U-shaped due to the Law of Variable Proportions.

What is direct cost example?

Direct costs are costs related to a specific cost object. A cost object is an item for which costs are compiled, such as a product, person, sales region, or customer. Examples of direct costs are consumable supplies, direct materials, sales commissions, and freight.

How do you classify costs?

Cost classification definition

  1. Fixed and variable costs. Expenses are separated into variable and fixed cost classifications, and then variable costs are subtracted from revenues to arrive at a company’s contribution margin.
  2. Departmental costs.
  3. Distribution channel costs.
  4. Customer costs.
  5. Discretionary costs.

What is the relationship between AVC and MC?

Review: Marginal cost (MC) is the cost of producing an extra unit of output. Review: Average variable cost (AVC) is the cost of labor per unit of output produced. When MC is below AVC, MC pulls the average down. When MC is above AVC, MC is pushing the average up; therefore MC and AVC intersect at the lowest AVC.

What does AFC curve looks like & why?

Average fixed cost curve looks like a rectangular hyperbola. It is defined as the ratio of TFC to output. AFC can never be zero because it is a rectangular hyperbola and it never intersects the x-axis and thereby can never be equal to zero.

What is basic cost concept?

(1) Cost: It is the amount of resources given up in exchange for some goods or services. The resources given up are expressed in monetary terms. Cost is defined as “the amount of expenditure (actual or notional) incurred on or attributable to a given thing or to ascertain the cost of a given thing”.

How is fixed cost curve?

TOTAL FIXED COST CURVE: A curve that graphically represents the relation between total fixed cost incurred by a firm in the short-run product of a good or service and the quantity produced. The reason for such straightforwardness is that total fixed cost is fixed. It is the same at all output levels.

What type of cost is raw materials?

Raw materials are categorized as direct expenses on a company’s income statement because they contribute directly to the making of a product or delivery of a service. As raw material costs change along with production volumes, they are considered to be variable costs.

Why is the average cost curve U shaped?

The average cost curve is u-shaped because costs reduce as you increase the output, up to a certain optimal point. From there, the costs begin rising as you increase the output. Average cost is defined as the total costs (fixed costs + variable costs) divided by total output.

What is AVC curve?

AVERAGE VARIABLE COST CURVE: A curve that graphically represents the relation between average variable cost incurred by a firm in the short-run product of a good or service and the quantity produced.

Why does MC cut AC at its minimum?

When the MC is smaller the AC, the AC decreases. This is because when the extra unit of output is cheaper than the average cost then the AC is pulled down. Similarly, when the MC is greater than the AC, the AC is pulled up. The point of intersection between the MC and AC curves is also the minimum of the AC curve.

Is rent a debit or credit?

Account Types

Account Type Debit
RENT EXPENSE Expense Increase
REPAIR EXPENSE Expense Increase

What are examples of indirect costs?

Indirect costs include costs which are frequently referred to as overhead expenses (for example, rent and utilities) and general and administrative expenses (for example, officers’ salaries, accounting department costs and personnel department costs).

What kind of cost is rent?

Rent expense is a type of fixed operating cost or an absorption cost for a business, as opposed to a variable expense. Rental expenses are often subject to a one- or two-year contract between the lessor and lessee, with options to renew.

Which of the following cost curve is U shaped?

A U-shaped short-run Average Cost (AC) curve. AVC is the Average Variable Cost, AFC the Average Fixed Cost, and MC the marginal cost curve crossing the minimum of both the Average Variable Cost curve and the Average Cost curve.

How do you determine direct and indirect expenses?

Direct Expenses are the expenses which are incurred in the manufacture of a product or provision of services. As against, Indirect Expenses are incurred in connection to the day to day business operations. Direct Expenses are outrightly allocable to the particular cost object or cost unit.

Which curve is not affected by fixed cost?

Marginal cost is not affected by total fixed cost.