What is meant by hegemony?

What is meant by hegemony?

Hegemony, Hegemony, the dominance of one group over another, often supported by legitimating norms and ideas. The associated term hegemon is used to identify the actor, group, class, or state that exercises hegemonic power or that is responsible for the dissemination of hegemonic ideas.

Why do hegemonic powers prefer open trade systems?

Krasner uses a systemic approach to empirically test this theory, and his main hypothesis is that the presence of a hegemonic power in the international system creates incentives for other states to accept the openness of trade; thus, the world becomes more open and globalized in the presence of a hegemonic power.

What are the different types of hegemony?

Answer: Generally speaking, leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group, over the others is known as hegemony. Power, dominance and leadership are three main features of hegemony. For example, USA is a powerful country at present which tries to dominate other Asian and African nations.

What is American cultural hegemony?

American Studies experts call it as a “hegemonic culture” in which American norms, values and cultural practices are considered superior against the world culture. Globalizing the culture has been the most effective engine to spread American cultural values and to shape the global civilizations.

What is hegemonic war?

A hegemonic war is triggered by a shift in the distribution of power within an international system. This shift may be the result of new political, economic, social, or technological conditions or developments, or even of natural factors, such as natural disasters, that exceed human control.

How does cultural hegemony work?

In Marxist philosophy, cultural hegemony is the domination of a culturally diverse society by the ruling class which manipulates the culture of that society — the beliefs and explanations, perceptions, values, and mores — so that the imposed, ruling-class worldview becomes the accepted cultural norm; the universally …

What is the main reason for the beginning of the US hegemony in 1991?

Answer: The main reason for the beginning of the US hegemony in 1991 was the disappearance of the Soviet power from the international order. So, in the 1990s the year of US hegemony started.

Who gave the concept of hegemony?

Antonio Gramsci

What is hegemonic realism?

Traditionally, Realist hegemony describes the dominance of one state over several others, while Gramscian theory defines hegemony as a combination of coercion and consent which is not merely exercised by the state, but by civil society as well (Howson and Smith 2008).