What is the biotechnology research?
Biotechnologists identify practical uses of biological material – including the physical, chemical, and genetic properties of cells – to improve agricultural, environmental, or pharmaceutical products, although biotechnologists also work in related capacities, as in marine biotechnology.
What is the importance of research in biotechnology?
Biotechnology is most important for its implications in health and medicine. Through genetic engineering – the controlled alteration of genetic material – scientists have been able to create new medicines, including interferon for cancer patients, synthetic human growth hormone and synthetic insulin, among others.
What are the main goals of plant biotechnology?
Plant breeding and biotechnology can be used to improve energy crops to increase yield, improve tolerance to pests and drought, to alter the characteristics of the plants (e.g. percentage of lignin, oil content, cell structure) making it more efficient to convert them to liquid biofuels.
Does biotechnology involve research?
Biotechnology is based on the basic biological sciences (e.g., molecular biology, biochemistry, cell biology, embryology, genetics, microbiology) and conversely provides methods to support and perform basic research in biology.
What is biotechnology explain uses of biotechnology in different fields?
Biotechnology is technology that utilizes biological systems, living organisms or parts of this to develop or create different products. Brewing and baking bread are examples of processes that fall within the concept of biotechnology (use of yeast (= living organism) to produce the desired product).
What is the importance of biotechnology in plant protection?
Genetically engineered plants resistant to plant pathogens can prevent crop losses and reduce pesticide usage. This feature article provides a current perspective on four major areas of research and application of plant genetic engineering for resistance to plant pathogens.